Introduction à la physique des particules et à la physique nucléaire (cours et exercices) / Einführung in die Teilchen- und Kernphysik (Vorlesung und Übungen) / Introduction to particle and nuclear physics (lecture and exercises)

  • Teaching

    Details

    Faculty Faculty of Science and Medicine
    Domain Physics
    Code UE-SPH.02203
    Languages German , English, French
    Type of lesson Exercise
    Lecture
    Level Bachelor
    Semester SP-2023

    Title

    French Introduction à la physique des particules et à la physique nucléaire (cours et exercices)
    German Einführung in die Teilchen- und Kernphysik (Vorlesung und Übungen)
    English Introduction to particle and nuclear physics (lecture and exercises)

    Schedules and rooms

    Summary schedule Tuesday 08:15 - 10:00, Bi-mensuel impaire (Spring semester)
    Wednesday 13:15 - 15:00, Hebdomadaire (Spring semester)
    Struct. of the schedule 2h par semaine durant 14 semaines + 2h durant 7 semaines (impaires)
    Contact's hours 42

    Teaching

    Responsibles
    • Beck Hans Peter
    Teachers
    • Beck Hans Peter
    Assistants
    • Muster Augustin
    • Schadt Jules
    Description

    Particle physics deals with the fundamental building blocks of matter and their interactions. 
    The exploration of subatomic physics started in 1896 with Becquerel's discovery of radioactivity; and J.J.Thomson's discovery of the electron as a component of the atom; which was followed by Rutherford’s discovery of the atomic nuclei in 1911. 
    With the further development of experimental tools, theoretical understanding and an impressive world-wide ongoing experimental program, often involving powerful particle accelerator, quarks and leptons have been discovered and identified as the fundamental building blocks of all matter in the Universe.

    Training objectives

    This course gives an introduction in the objectives, tools and methods of particle and nuclear physics in six chapters:

    1 – Basic concepts
    Resolving the structure of matter
    Natural units
    Special Relativity
    Particle decay and interactions
    Fixed target vs. colliding beam experiments

    2 – Accelerating Particles
    Electrostatic high–voltage generators
    Linear accelerator
    Cyclotron
    Betatron
    Synchrotron
    Beamlines and focusing

    3 – Interaction of Radiation with Matter
    Particles traversing matter
    Bethe–Bloch: Mean energy loss per path length
    Mean range and Bragg peak
    Electrons and photons traversing matter
    Electromagnetic shower
    Nuclear interactions

    4 – Detecting Particles
    Bubble chamber
    Scintillation
    Wire chambers
    Čerenkov detector
    Calorimeter

    5 – The Standard Model
    Interaction types
    Bosons and Fermions
    Hadrons — Baryons and Mesons 
    Electromagnetic, Weak, and Strong Interactions

    6 – Building up the Nuclei
    Nuclei are quark matter
    Nuclear binding energies
    Weizsäcker liquid droplet model
    Nuclear decays
    Fusion and fission
    How the sun produces its energy
    Radioactivity in the environment 

    Softskills
    No
    Off field
    No
    BeNeFri
    Yes
    Mobility
    Yes
    UniPop
    No

    Documents

    Bibliography

    Particles and Nuclei – An Introduction to the Physical Concepts, 2015
    Bogdan Povh, Klaus Rith, Christoph Scholz, Frank Zetsche, Werner Rodejohann
    ISBN 978-3-662-46320-8 (hardcover, English edition, 2015) 

    ISBN 978-3-662-49583-4 (softcover, English edition, 2015)
    ISBN 978-3-642-37821-8 (softcover, German edition, 2013)
    http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783662463208

    Introduction to Elementary Particle Physics, 2nd edition, 2014
    Alessandro Bettini
    ISBN 978-1-107-05040-2
    http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/physics/particle-physics-and-nuclear-physics/introduction-elementary-particle-physics-2nd-edition

    Subatomic Physics, 3rd Edition, 2007
    Ernest M Henley, Alejandro Garcia
    ISBN 978-9-812-70056-8 (hardcover) 

    ISBN 978-9-812-70057-5 (softcover) 

    http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/6263

    Particle Data Group – PDG
    http://pdg.lbl.gov

  • Dates and rooms
    Date Hour Type of lesson Place
    22.02.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    28.02.2023 08:15 - 10:00 Exercice PER 08, Room 0.51
    01.03.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    08.03.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    14.03.2023 08:15 - 10:00 Exercice PER 08, Room 0.51
    15.03.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    22.03.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    28.03.2023 08:15 - 10:00 Exercice PER 08, Room 0.51
    29.03.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    05.04.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    19.04.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    25.04.2023 08:15 - 10:00 Exercice PER 08, Room 0.51
    26.04.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    03.05.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    09.05.2023 08:15 - 10:00 Exercice PER 08, Room 0.51
    10.05.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    17.05.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    23.05.2023 08:15 - 10:00 Exercice PER 08, Room 0.51
    24.05.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
    31.05.2023 13:15 - 15:00 Cours PER 08, Room 0.51
  • Assessments methods

    Evaluation continue et examen oral - SP-2023, Session d'été 2023

    Assessments methods By rating
    Descriptions of Exams Épreuve orale de 20 min. - réussite des exercices obligatoire pour pouvoir se présenter à l'examen

    Evaluation continue et examen oral - SP-2023, Autumn Session 2023

    Assessments methods By rating
    Descriptions of Exams Épreuve orale de 20 min. - réussite des exercices obligatoire pour pouvoir se présenter à l'examen

    Evaluation continue et examen oral - SA-2023, Session d'hiver 2024

    Assessments methods By rating
    Descriptions of Exams Épreuve orale de 20 min. - réussite des exercices obligatoire pour pouvoir se présenter à l'examen
  • Assignment
    Valid for the following curricula:
    Additional Courses in Sciences
    Version: ens_compl_sciences
    Paquet indépendant des branches > Advanced courses in Physics (Bachelor level)

    Additional Programme Requirements to the MSc in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology [MA]
    Version: 2022_1/V_01
    Additional Programme Requirements to the MSc Bioinformatics and Computational Biology > Advanced courses in Physics (Bachelor level)

    Additional Programme Requirements to the MSc in Physics [MA]
    Version: 2022_1/V_01
    Supplement to the MSc in Physics > Advanced courses in Physics (Bachelor level)

    Additional TDHSE programme in Physics
    Version: 2023_1/V_01
    Additional TDHSE Programme Requirements for Physics 60 or +30 > Programmes 60 or +30 > Additional Programme Requirements to Physics 60 > Physique, Minor PHYS3-60, compulsive courses (from AS2020 on)

    Physics 150
    Version: 2023_1/V_01
    BSc in Physics, Major, 2nd year > Physics, Major 2nd year, obligatory courses (from AS2020 on)

    Physics 30 (PHYS1-30 and PHYS2-30)
    Version: 2023_1/V_01
    Minor in Physics 30 > Prerequisite: Without or with propaedeutic Physics > PHYS2 (Prerequisite: with propaedeutic Physics) > Physique, Minor PHYS2-30, compulsive courses (from AS2023 on)

    Physics 60 (PHYS3-60 and PHYS4-60)
    Version: 2023_1/V_01
    Minor in Physics 60 > Prerequisite: Without or with propaedeutic Physics > PHYS3 (without propaedeutic Physics) > Physique, Minor PHYS3-60, compulsive courses (from AS2020 on)
    Minor in Physics 60 > Prerequisite: Without or with propaedeutic Physics > PHYS4 (with propaedeutic Physics) > Physique Minor PHYS4-60, compulsive courses (from 2023 on)

    Physics [3e cycle]
    Version: 2015_1/V_01
    Continuing education > Advanced courses in Physics (Bachelor level)

    Physics [POST-DOC]
    Version: 2015_1/V_01
    Continuing education > Advanced courses in Physics (Bachelor level)

    Pre-Master-Programme to the MSc in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology [PRE-MA]
    Version: 2022_1/V_01
    Prerequisite to the MSc in Bioinformtics and Computational Biology > Advanced courses in Physics (Bachelor level)

    PréaPre-Master-Programme to the MSc in Physics [PRE-MA]
    Version: 2022_1/V_01
    Prerequisite to the MSc in Physics > Advanced courses in Physics (Bachelor level)