Bapol02d (Bapol01e) BA/MA Blockkurs Vergleich politische Regime 1: The European Union, Europeanisation and (dis-)integration in the Western Balkan countries

  • Enseignement


    Faculté Faculté des lettres et des sciences humaines
    Domaine Etudes européennes et slavistique
    Code UE-L41.00216
    Langues Anglais et/ou Allemand
    Type d'enseignement Cours bloc
    Cursus Master, Bachelor
    Semestre(s) SA-2022

    Horaires et salles

    Horaire résumé Vendredi , Cours bloc (Semestre d'automne)



    Dozierende:    Prof. Dr. Arben Hajrullahu ( 

    9.-10. Dezember 2022, jeweils 8:15 – 16:00 Uhr.


    This course is structured with the overall objective to provide students the knowledge necessary to analyse the most essential aspects of the EU institutional framework, politics and contemporary developments, as well Europeanisation and EU-Integration processes in South Eastern Europe (SEE), with a regional focus in the Western Balkan countries. The general purpose of this course is to provide students with analytical tools to evaluate the interaction between national and supra-national (EU) structures, democratisation, political crisis and current (dis-)integration tendencies and processes. We will in case studies format investigate power relations, (dis-)integration tendencies, local and regional political antagonisms as well international actors, with a focus on the EU’s role in Western Balkan countries.

    Empirical results show that with the end of the Cold War, former communist states are dominated by non-transparent and non-accountable political classes. Thus, (i-)liberal democracies have in many cases also resulted in captured states and societies and contested elections and political culture. The course demonstrates that multi-causal explanations are needed to elucidate relations and interactions between power politics – democracy – and (dis-)integration tendencies and processes.

    During the course, students will develop the tools necessary for future independent analysis as well as how to offer applied policy advice. Moreover, this course aims to help students to deepen their understanding into transition and transformation processes in SEE as well as to develop a critical thinking about policy oriented and practical options of good governance and political transparency. Upon completion of this course students should have in-depth knowledge of:

    • EU institutional framework, politics, and contemporary developments;
    • Europeanisation and EU-Integration processes in SEE, focused in the Western Balkans;
    • Making valid comparisons between different national and international actors and across different policy makers on the basis of empirical evidence.

    Students will also develop their skills in communicating these ideas verbally and in writing in a scientific manner.


    Anspruch auf ECTS-Punkte


    Course Requirements (Assessment)

    The final grade for the course will be based on the quality of participation in class discussions, in-class presentations, and a written essay (which may be based on the topic of the in-class presentations).




    Regelmässige und aktive Teilnahme am Unterricht [20%]

    1,5 ECTS


    Schriftliche Prüfung / Essay


    • Vorstellung einer Fallstudie (max. 20 min.) [30%]

    Essay (basierend auf Kurzreferat ein End-Essay ca. 2500 Wörter) [50%]


    The grade percentages are as follows:





    90-100 %









    4 or less

    less than 49%, failed



    Each class will begin with a lecture but will be followed by: a) in-class participation and discussion; b) in-class presentation (the work in progress towards a final essay, to be submitted after the course). Thus, the course is a combination of lectures, student presentations, and interactive discussions.


    Weitere Informationen

    • Read, study, all sources mentioned in Pflichtlektüre and choose a topic related to the class for the in-class presentation of a case study (see Empfohlene weitere Literatur)


    The topic for the in-class presentation needs to be approved by the class instructor via E-mail ( ) as soon as possible, but no later than by December 1st, 2022.


    After you have chosen your topics, you will need to include the following elements in your in-class presentation: 

    1. An "executive summary" of the content/issue/problem analysed;
    2. Supporting information;
    3. Conclusion and/or recommended policy/ies, and justification.


    The final essay should include the following key components: (1) Introduction; (2) Text body in which you show the facts, different opinions by different authors and sources on the given topic; (3) A concluding discussion of your independent developed line of argument on the topic; (4) A bibliography which includes all used sources.  

    The final essay should also include the feedback you receive while presenting in part I and in part II of the lecture. The final version of your essay should be submitted no later than 20 January 2023. No extensions allowed!  


    Reading Guidelines

    When preparing your in-class presentation you may find it useful to check your comprehension of the reading against these study questions.

    • What is the author's purpose in writing this piece?
    • What are the author's guiding questions?
    • What concepts does the author emphasize? How are these concepts defined?
    • What are the author's conclusions? Do they seem logical given the evidence provided?
    • Would you draw different conclusions? Why or why not?
    • What questions remain unanswered?



    All work and materials that you submit to the instructor for a grade must be your own.


    Additional Information

    Students are expected to attend all of the scheduled classes. Additionally, students are expected to come to class prepared to participate, to play an active part in class discussions and presentations.


    If you have any questions or concerns about this course that are not covered in this syllabus, contact instructors by e-mail or in person. Remember, instructors are here to help you, but ultimately it is your responsibility to make sure that you understand and complete all the requirements for this course.


    Conditions d'accès

    Die Einschreibung in den Blockkurs gilt automatisch als Einschreibung in die obligatorische Prüfung. 

    Prüfungsform: Schriftliche Arbeit und Vortrag

    Die Form und die Bestimmungen der Prüfung unterliegen der Entscheidung des Lehrbeauftragten.


    Wird in Kombination mit BA/MA Blockkurs: Vergleich politische Regime 2 (L41.00217) angeboten = 2 x1,5 ECTS

    Wird zusätzlich zum Studienplan angeboten, entspricht und kann anstelle von von BApol02d (Studienplan FS) besucht oder als Option BApol01e gewählt werden.


    Places disponibles 25
    Hors domaine





    Dimitrova, Antoaneta L. (2018), Enlargement and Europeanisation in Central and Eastern Europe. Accession and beyond, in: Fagan, Adam and Kopecký, Petr (eds), The Routledge Handbook of East European Politics, pp. 333 – 345.

    Fischer, Joseph (2000), Vom Staatenverbund zur Föderation - Gedanken über die Finalität der europäischen Integration.

    Hayrapetyan, Albert (2020), The Process of European Integration Through the Lenses of Institutionalism, E-International Relations, pp. 1 – 5.

    Magone, José M. (ed) (2015), Routledge Handbook of European Politics:

    • Ágh, Attila, The fall of the Berlin Wall and European politics: perspectives
      of new Europe in the early twenty-first century
      , pp. 116 – 131 (Chapter 6);
    • Schmidt, Vivien A., Democracy in Europe, pp. 280 – 291 (Chapter 16);

    Wennerström, Erik O. (2020), Can the EU Protect Its Fundamental Values?, in: Bakardjieva, Antonina et al. (eds), The European Union in a Changing World Order, pp. 245 – 272.


    Empfohlene weitere Literatur, z.B. betreffend Vorstellung einer Fallstudie


    Acemoglu, D., Robinson, A. J. (2012): Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty

    Beha, A., Hajrullahu, A. (2020): Soft competitive authoritarianism and negative stability in Kosovo: statebuilding from UNMIK to EULEX and beyond, Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, DOI: 10.1080/14683857.2019.1709686

    Bernard, E. (2022): Geopolitics of the European Rule of Law – Lessons from Ukraine and the Western Balkans, Intereconomics, 57(4), 229-231.

    Bieber, F. (2011): Building Impossible States? State-Building Strategies and EU Membership in the Western Balkans, Europe-Asia Studies, 63:10: pp. 1783-1802.

    Börzel, Tanja. (2011): When Europeanization hits limited statehood: The Western Balkans as a test case for the transformative power of Europe. KFG Working Paper Series, No. 30, Freie Universität Berlin

    Bourguignon, J., et al. (2022): EU Enlargement: Expanding the Union and Its Potential, Intereconomics, 57(4), 205-208.

    BTI Transformation Index. (2022): East-Central and Southeast Europe

    Capussela, L. A. (2015): State-Building in Kosovo. Democracy, Corruption and the EU in the Balkans (Chapter 5: Eulex and the Rule of Law), I. B. Tauris, London, New York, pp. 112-48.

    Džankić, J., et al. (2019). The Europeanisation of the Western Balkans. A Failure of EU Conditionality? Palgrave.

    European Commission strategy 2018 for 'A credible enlargement perspective for and enhanced EU engagement with the Western Balkans' (and the Annex with Action Plan) European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations

    European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, EU Commission Western Balkan Country Reports 2021 [see 2022 Reports as well, to be published in October or November 2022]

    European Stability Initiative ESI (2020): Hamster in the Wheel. Credibility and EU Balkan policy, Report 16 January.

    Fowkes, B. (2002): Ethnicity and Ethnic Conflict in the Post-Communist World, Palgrave.

    Freedom House (2021): Nations in Transit.

    Hajrullahu, A. (2007): Langfristiger Frieden am Westbalkan durch EU-Integration, Nomos, Baden-Baden, pp. 29-36; 105-14; 115-44; 235-43.

    Hajrullahu, A. (2019): ‘The Serbia Kosovo Dispute and the European Integration Perspective’. European Foreign Affairs Review 24, no. 1 (2019): 101–120.

    Hayden, M. R. (2005): “Democracy” without a Demos? The Bosnian Constitutional Experiment and the Intentional Construction of Nonfunctioning States, East European Politics and Societies, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 226-59.

    Hoxhaj, A. (2022): The EU Common Regional Market Proposals for the Western Balkans. Legal Issues of Economic Integration 49, no. 3, 311–338.

    Iqbal, Z., Starr, H. (2016): State Failure in the Modern World, Stanford University Press

    Kant, I. (1795): Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch.

    Ker-Lindsay, J., et al. (2017): The national politics of EU enlargement in the Western Balkans. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 17:4, 511-522.

    Koneska, C., et al. (2022): Macedonia, Bosnia and Kosovo: Contested Statehood and the EU, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, DOI: 10.1080/17502977.2022.2086390

    Kostovicova, D., Bojicic-Dželilovic, V. (2006): Europeanizing the Balkans: Rethinking the Post-communist and Post-conflict Transition, Ethnopolitics, 5:3, pp. 223-41.

    Krastev, I. (2002): The Balkans: Democracy without choices, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 13. No. 3, pp. 39-53.

    Kursani, Sh. (2022): Beyond Putin’s Analogies: The Genocide Debate on Ukraine and the Balkan Analogy Worth Noting, Journal of Genocide Research, DOI: 10.1080/14623528.2022.2099633

    Levy, J. S. (2008): Case Studies: Types, Designs, and Logics of Inference. Conflict Management and Peace Science 25: 1-18.

    Lippert, B., Reljić D., (2020, 4 August), Der EU-Erweiterungsprozess mit dem Westbalkan: Sackgasse oder Weg ohne Umkehr? SWP-Podcast

    Marko, J. (2006): United in Diversity? Problems of State- and Nation-Building in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Bosnia Herzegovina, Vermont Law Review, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 503-50.

    Marko, J. (2013): Defective democracy in a failed state? Bridging constitutional design, politics and ethnic division in Bosnia-Hercegovina. In: Ghai, Y., Woodman, S. (eds.): Practicing Self-Government. A comparative study of autonomous regions, Cambridge University Press, pp. 281-314.

    Olaf, L., Roth, M., Gesellmann, Ch. (2013): Die Republik Kosovo - Der jüngste Staat Europas: Eine politische Bestandsaufnahme seit der Unabhängigkeitserklärung, Nomos

    Schedler (2002): Elections without Democracy: The Menu of Manipulation, Journal of Democracy 13.2.

    Schimmelfennig, F., Sedelmeier, U. (2017): The Europeanization of Eastern Europe: the External Incentives Model Revisited. In Paper for the JMF@ 25 conference, EUI (Vol. 22, p. 23).

    Schmied, N. (2017): Fragile Staaten und Post-Konflikt-Situationen: Eine Analyse des Kosovo im Kontext der EU-Mission, Tectum-Verlag.

    Sundhaussen, H. (2008): Der Zerfall Jugoslawiens und dessen Folgen, (APuZ 32/2008) in: EU-Balkan, Themenheft Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte 32, pp. 9-17.

    Toshkov, D. D. (2017): The impact of the Eastern enlargement on the decision-making capacity of the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy (Vol. 24, No. 2: 177–196.

  • Dates et salles
    Date Heure Type d'enseignement Lieu
    09.12.2022 08:15 - 16:00 Cours PER 17, salle 001
    10.12.2022 08:15 - 16:00 Cours PER 17, salle 001
  • Modalités d'évaluation

    Travail et exposé - Hors session

    Mode d'évaluation Par note, Par réussi/échec

    Schriftliche Arbeit (in-class essay) und Vortrag

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