Past colloquia and seminars


Stacking of charge density waves in NbSe2 bilayers

General public Seminar

We employ ab-initio electronic structure calculations to investigate the charge-density waves and periodic lattice distortions in bilayer 2H-NbSe2. We demonstrate that the vertical stacking can give rise to a variety of patterns that may lower the symmetry of the CDW exhibited separately by the two composing 1H-NbSe2 monolayers. The general tendency to a spontaneous symmetry breaking observed in the ground state and the first excited states is shown to originate from a non-negligible inter-layer coupling.
Simulated experimental patterns for scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and diffraction scattering show signatures of these different stacking orders which we speculate may be utilized to devise ad-hoc experiments for the investigation of the stacking order in 2H-NbSe2. Finally, our results illustrate clearly that the vertical stacking is not only important for 1T structures, as exemplified by the metal-to-insulator transition observed in 1T-TaS2 but seem to indicate that it is a general feature of metallic layered transition metal dichalcogenides as well.

(a) Side view of the bilayer unit-cell stacking of BAB-CAC of the 2H type.
(b) Example of a CDW charge distribution across two composing monolayers in the 2H NbSe2 bilayer.
(c) Simulated STM (left) and diffraction patterns (right). The images for the ground state CDW stacking distribution and the second excited state CDW stacking distribution are shown in the top row and bottom row respectively.

When? 22.01.2024 14:00
Where? PER 08 0.51
Chemin du Musée 3
1700 Fribourg
speaker Dr. Dhani Nafday
Department of Applied Physics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Invited by groupe prof. Bernhard
Contact Département de Physique
Prof. Bernhard
Chemin du Musée 3
1700 Fribourg