Nadine Salzmann

 +41 26 300 9250

Research and publications

  • peer-reviewed publications



    Gugerli, R., Gabella, M., Huss, M., Salzmann, N., 2020: Can weather radars be used to estimate snow accumulation on alpine glaciers? - an evaluation based on glaciological surveys, J. Hydrometeor. 1–63.


    Huggel C., Allen, S., Wymann von Dach, S., Dimri, A.P., Mal, S, Linsbauer, L., Salzmann, N., Bolch, T. 2020: An Integrative and Joint Approach to Climate Impacts, Hydrological Risks and Adaptation in the Indian Himalayan Region. In: Dimri A., Bookhagen B., Stoffel M., Yasunari T. (eds) Himalayan Weather and Climate and their Impact on the Environment. Springer, Cham


    Gugerli, R., Salzmann, N., Huss, M., and Desilets, D. 2019: Continuous and autonomous snow water equivalent measurements by a cosmic ray sensor on an alpine glacier, The Cryosphere, 13, 3413–3434,


    Treichler, D., Kääb, A., Salzmann, N., Xu, C.-Y.2019: Recent glacier and lake changes in High Mountain Asia and their relation to precipitation changes, The Cryosphere, 13, 2977–3005,


    Muccione, V., Orlowsky, B., Allen, S., Huggel, C., Salzmann, N., Montoya, N., Randhawa, S.S., Stoffel, M. 2018: Climate change research in bilateral development programmes: experiences from India and Peru, Development in Practice, DOI: 10.1080/09614524.2018.1559799


    Vuille, M., C. Huggel, M. Carey, W. Buytaert, A. Rabatel, D. Jacobsen, A. Soruco, M. Villacis, C. Yarleque, T. Condom, N. Salzmann, J.E. Sicart. 2018: Rapid decline of snow and ice in the tropical Andes - Impacts, uncertainties and challenges ahead. Earth-Science Reviews, 176, 195-213. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.09.019


    Orlowsky, B., Calanca, P., Ali, I., Ali, J., Hilares, A.E., Huggel, C., Khan, I., Neukom, R., Nizami, A.,  Qazi, M.A., Robledo, C., Rohrer, M., Salzmann, N., Schmidt, K. 2017: Climate corridors for strategic adaptation planning. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 9 Issue: 6, pp.811-828,


    Dimri, A.P., Immerzeel, W.W., Salzmann, N. and R. J. Thayyen, 2017: Comparison of climatic trends and variability among glacierized environments in the Western Himalayas. Theor Appl Climatol.


    Hoelzle, M., E. Azisov, M. Barandun, M. Huss, D. Farinotti, A. Gafurov, W. Hagg, R. Kenzhebaev, M. Kronenberg, H. Machguth, A. Merkushkin, B. Moldobekov, M. Petrov, T. Saks, N. Salzmann, T. Schöne, Y. Tarasov, R. Usubaliev, S. Vorogushin, A. Yakovlev, and M. Zemp, 2017: Re-establishing glacier monitoring in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, Central Asia. Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems Discussions, 2017, 1-36, doi: 10.5194/gi-2017-31


    Schauwecker, S., Rohrer, M., Huggel, C., Endries, J., Montoya, N., Neukom, R., Perry, N. Salzmann, N. Schwarb, M. and Suarez, W. 2017: The freezing level in the tropical Andes, Peru: An indicator for present and future glacier extents, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, 5172-5189, doi: 10.1002/2016JD025943.

    >>> This article was a Research Highlight in Nature Climate Change, July 2017:


    Nussbaumer, S. U., Hoelzle, M., Hüsler, F., Huggel, C., Salzmann, N., Zemp, M. 2017: Glacier Monitoring and Capacity Building: Important Ingredients for Sustainable Mountain Development. Mountain Research and Development 37(1):141-152. 2017


    Salzmann, N. and Gärtner Roer, I. 2017: Climate change and permafrost. In: The International Encyclopedia of Geography, People, the Earth, Environment, and Technology, 1-13, edited by D. Richardson et al. Oxford, UK: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg1124


    Muccione, V., Salzmann, N., Huggel, C. 2016: Scientific Knowledge and Knowledge Needs in Climate Adaptation Policy. Mountain Research and Development, 36(3), 364–375.


    Allen, S.K., Fiddes, J., Linsbauer, A., Randhawa, S.S., Saklani, B. and Salzmann, N. (2016). Permafrost studies in Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh. Current Science 111(3), 550–553. doi:10.18520/cs/v111/i3/550-553.


    Schauwecker S, Rohrer M, Schwarb M, Huggel C, Dimri A. P., Salzmann N. 2016: Estimation of snowfall limit for the Kashmir Valley, Indian Himalayas, with TRMM PR Bright Band information. Met Zeitschrift. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2016/0738


    Kronenberg, M, Schauwecker, S, Huggel, C, Salzmann, N, Drenkhan, F, Frey, H, Giráldez, C, Gurgiser, W, Kaser, G, Juen, I, Suarez, W, García Hernández, J, Fluixá Sanmartín, J, Ayros, E, Perry, B, and Rohrer, M. 2016. The projected precipitation reduction over the Central Andes may severely affect Peruvian glaciers and hydropower production. Energy Procedia, 97: 270-277.


    Orlowsky, B., Andres, N., Salzmann, N., Huggel, C., Jurt, C., Vicuña, L., Rohrer M, Calanca P, Neukom R &  Drenkhan, F. (2016). Science in the context of climate change adaptation: case studies from the Peruvian Andes. In N. Salzmann, C. Huggel, S. U. Nussbaumer, & G. Ziervogel (Eds.), Climate Change Adaptation Strategies - An Upstream-downstream Perspective (pp. 41-58).


    Salzmann, N., Huggel, C., Nussbaumer S., Ziervogel, G. 2016: Setting the scene: Adapting to climate change - a large-scale challenge with local-scale impacts. In: Salzmann, Nadine; Huggel, Christian; Nussbaumer, Samuel U; Ziervogel, Gina. Climate change adaptation strategies – an upstream-downstream perspective. Cham: Springer, 3-15.

    >>> among the top 25% of the most downloaded eBooks in the relevant eBook Collection in 2017 and 2018


    Sold, L., Huss, M., Machguth, H., Joerg, P.C., Leysinger Vieli, G., Linsbauer, A., Salzmann, N., Zemp, M., and Hoelzle, M. 2016. Mass Balance Re-analysis of Findelengletscher, Switzerland; Benefits of Extensive Snow Accumulation Measurements. Front. Earth Sci., 29 February 2016,


    Marmy, A., Rajczak, J., Delaloye, R., Hilbich, C., Hoelzle, M., Kotlarski, S., Lambiel, C., Noetzli, J., Phillips, M., Salzmann, N., Staub, B., and C. Hauck, 2016: Semi-automated calibration method for modelling of mountain permafrost evolution in Switzerland. The Cryosphere, 10(6): 2695-2719, doi:10.5194/tc-10-2693-2016


    Molina E., Schauwecker S., Huggel C., Haeberli W., Cochachin A., Condom T.,  Drenkhan F., Giraldez C.,  Salzmann N., Jiménes L., Montoya N., Rados M., Chaparro N., Samanta J., Suarez W., Arias S., Sikos F. 2015. Iniciación de un monitoreo del balance de masa en el glaciar Suyuparina, Cordillera Vilcanota, Perú. Climate Change in the Tropical Andes, 2.


    Barandun, M., Huss, M., Sold, L., Farinotti, D., Azisov, E., Salzmann, N., Usubaliev, R., Merkushkin, A., Hoelzle, 2015: M. Re-analysis of seasonal mass balance at Abramov Glacier, Journal of Glaciology, 61(230), doi: 10.3189/2015JoG14J239


    Schauwecker, S., Rohrer, M., Huggel, C., Kulkarni, A., Ramanathan, AL., Salzmann, N., Stoffel, M., Brock, B. 2015: Remotely sensed debris thickness mapping of Bara Shigri Glacier, Indian Himalaya. Journal of Glaciology 61(228):14J102. doi: 10.3189/2015JoG14J102


    Neukom, R., Rohrer, M., Calanca, P., Salzmann, N., Huggel, C., Acuña, D., Christie D. A., Morales, M. S. 2015. Facing unprecedented drying of the Central Andes? Precipitation variability over the period AD 1000-2100. Environmental Research Letters. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/8/084017


    Rajczak, J., Kotlarski, S., Salzmann, N., Schär, C. 2015. Robust climate scenarios for sites with sparse observations: a two-step bias correction approach. Int. J. Climatol.. doi: 10.1002/joc.4417


    Salzmann, N., Scherrer, S.C., Allen, S.K., Rohrer, M. 2015: Temperature, precipitation and related extremes. In book: The High-Mountain Cryosphere: Environmental Changes and Human Risks, Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 9781107065840, pp 28 - 50.


    Huggel, C., Raissig, A., Rohrer, M., Romero, G., Dias, A., Salzmann, N.  2015. How useful and reliable are disaster databases in the context of climate and global change? A comparative case study analysis in Peru, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 475–485, 2015


    Huggel, C., Scheel, M., Albrecht, F., Andres, N., Calanca, P., Jurt, C., Khabarov, N., Mira-Salama, D., Rohrer, M., Salzmann, N., Silva, Y., Silvestre, E., Vicuña, L., Zappa, M. 2015. A framework for the science contribution in climate adaptation: Experiences from science-policy processes in the Andes, Environmental Science and Policy, 47, 80-94,


    Frey, H., Machguth, H., Huss, M., Huggel, C., Bajracharya, S., Bolch, T., Kulkarni, A., Linsbauer, A., Salzmann, N., and Stoffel, M. 2014: Ice volume estimates for the Himalaya–Karakoram region: evaluating different methods, The Cryosphere, 8, 2313-2351, doi:10.5194/tc-8-2313-2014


    Salzmann, N., Huggel, C., Rohrer, M., Stoffel, M. 2014: Data gaps and research needs on glacier and snow cover change and related runoff – a climate change adaptation perspective, Journal of Hydrology, 518, 225–234.


    Schauwecker, S., Rohrer, M., Acuña, D., Cochachin, A., Dávila, L., Frey, H., Giráldez, C., Gómez, J., Huggel, C., Jacques-Coper, M., Loarte, E., Salzmann, N., Vuille, M. 2014: Climate trends and glacier retreat in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, revisited. Global and Planetary Change 119, 85–97. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2014.05.005


    Marty, C., Abegg, B., Bauder, A., Marmy, A., Lüthi, M. P., Bavay, M., Hauck, C., Hoelzle, M. Huss, M., Salzmann, N., Schlögl, S., Steiger, R., Farinotti, D. 2014: Cryospheric aspects of climate change – impacts on snow, ice, and ski tourism. In book: CH2014 – Impacts: Toward quantitative scenarios of climate change Impacts in Switzerland, Chapter: Cryospheric aspects of climate change – impacts on snow, ice, and ski tourism, Publisher: OCCR, FOEN, MeteoSwiss, C2SM, Agroscope, and ProClim, Editors: C. C. Raible, K. M. Strassmann, pp.49-56. ISBN: 978-3-033-04406-7


    Huss, M., Zemp, M., Joerg, P.C., Salzmann, N. 2014: High uncertainty in 21st century runoff projections from glacierized basins. Journal of Hydrology 510, 35–48.


    Rohrer, M., Salzmann, N., Stoffel, M., Kulkarni, A. 2013: Missing (in-situ) snow cover data hampers studies about climate change and runoff in the Himalayas. Science of the Total Environment 468–469, S60–S70


    Marmy, A., Salzmann, N., Scherler, M. Hauck, C. 2013: Permafrost model sensitivity to seasonal climatic changes and extreme events in mountainous regions. Environmental Research Letters 8 035048 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035048


    Scherler, M., Hauck, C., Hoelzle, M., Salzmann, N. 2013: Impact of climate change scenarios on two characteristic alpine permafrost sites. Journal of Geophysical Research 118, 1–15, doi:10.1002/jgrf.20069, 2013


    Salzmann, N., Kotlarski, S., von Waldow, H., Rajczak, J. 2013: Advancing and facilitating the use of RCM data in climate impacts research. In: Impacts World 2013 Conference Proceedings. Potsdam: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, 565-572. doi:10.2312/pik.2013.001


    Huggel, C., Salzmann, N. and Allen, S. 2013: High-mountain slope failures and recent and future warm extreme events, in climate forcing of geological hazards (eds B. McGuire and M. Maslin), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118482698.ch9


    Salzmann N., Huggel C., Rohrer M., Silverio W., Mark B.G., Burns P., Portocarrero, C. 2013: Glacier changes and climate trends derived from multiple sources in the data scarce Cordillera Vilcanota region, southern Peruvian Andes. The Cryosphere, 7, 103-118. doi:10.5194/tc-7-103-2013.


    Huss, M., Sold, L., Hoelzle, M., Stokvis, M., Salzmann, N., Farinotti, D. and Zemp, M. 2013: Towards remote monitoring of sub-seasonal glacier mass balance. Annals of Glaciology. 54(63) doi: 10.3189/2013AoG63A427


    Salzmann, N., Machguth, H., Linsbauer, A. 2012: The Swiss Alpine glaciers’ response to the global “2 °C air temperature target”. Environmental Research Letters 7 044001 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044001


    Huggel, C., Rohrer, M., Calanca, P., Salzmann, N., Vergara, W., Quispe, N., Ceballos, J.L. 2012: Early Warning Systems: The “Last Mile” of Adaptation. Eos Transaction, 93(22), 209-210.


    Hauck, C., Collet, C., Delaloye, R., Hilbich, C., Hoelzle, M., Huss, M, Salzmann, N. 2012: The potential of new measurement and modelling techniques in alpine cryosphere and geomorphology research. Geographica Helvetica, 1-2, 26-37.


    Salzmann, N. & Mearns, O., L., 2012: Assessing the Performance of Multiple Regional Climate Model Simulations for Seasonal Mountain Snow in the Upper Colorado River Basin. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13, 539–556.doi:


    Schwarb, M., Acuña, D., Konzelmann, Th., Rohrer, M., Salzmann, N., Serpa Lopez, B., and Silvestre, E. 2011: A data portal for regional climatic trend analysis in a Peruvian High Andes region, Advances in Science and Research, 6, 219-226, doi:10.5194/asr-6-219-2011.


    Engelhardt, M., Hauck, C. and Salzmann, N., 2010: Influence of atmospheric forcing parameters on

                    modelled mountain permafrost evolution. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 19(5), 491-500.


    Huggel, C., Salzmann, N., Allen, S., Caplan-Auerbach, J., Fischer, L., Haeberli, W., Larsen, C., Schneider, D. and Wessels, R., 2010: Recent and future warm extreme events and high-mountain slope failures. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 368, 2435-2459.


    Salzmann, N., Huggel C., Calanca, P., Díaz, A., Jonas, T., Jurt, C., Konzelmann, T., Lagos, P., Rohrer, M., Silverio, W., Zappa, M., 2009:  Integrated assessment and adaptation to climate change impacts in the Peruvian Andes. Advances in Geosciences, 22, 35–39


    Lyon, S., Dominguez, F., Gochis, D., Brunsell, N., Castro, L., Chow, F., Fan, Y., Fuka, D., Hong, Y., Kucera, P., Nesbitt, S., Salzmann, N., Schmidli, J., Snyder, P., Teuling, A., Twine, T., Levis, S., Lundquist, S., Salvucci, G., Sealy, A., Walter, T., 2008. Coupling Terrestrial and Atmospheric Water Dynamics to Improve Prediction in a Changing Environment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, DOI: 10.1175/2008BAMS2547.1


    Paul, F., Machguth, H., Hoelzle, M., Salzmann, N., Haeberli, W., 2008. Alpine-wide distributed glacier mass balance modelling: a tool for assessing future glacier change? In: Orlove, B. et al. Darkening Peaks: Glacier Retreat, Science, and Society. Berkeley, US, 111-125. ISBN 978-0-520-25305-6.


    Salzmann, N., Noetzli, J., Hauck, C., Gruber, S., Hoelzle, M., Haeberli, W., 2007. Ground-surface temperature scenarios in complex high-mountain topographies based on Regional Climate Model results. Journal of Geophysical Research – Earth Surface, 112, F02S12, doi:10.1029/2006JF000527.


    Salzmann, N., Frei, C., Vidale, P.L., Hoelzle, M., 2007. The application of Regional Climate Model output for the simulation of high-mountain permafrost scenarios. Global and Planetary Change, 56, 188-202. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2006.07.006.


    Noetzli, J., Gruber, S., Kohl, T., Salzmann, N., Haeberli, W., 2007. Three-dimensional distribution and evolution of permafrost temperatures in idealized high-mountain topography. Journal of Geophysical Research – Earth Surface 112, F02S13, doi:10.1029/ 2006JF000545.


    Salzmann, N., Gruber, S., Hugentobler, M., Hoelzle, M., 2006. The influence of different Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) on alpine permafrost modeling. Journal of Environmental Modeling and Assessment, DOI 10.1007/s1066-006-9065-3.


    Salzmann, N., 2006. The Use of Results from Regional Climate Models for Local-scale Permafrost Modelling in Complex High-mountain Topography – Possibilities, Limitations and Challenges for the Future. Schriftenreihe Physische Geographie, Glaziologie und Geomorphodynamik 51, Department of Geography, University of Zurich, 181p. ISBN 3 85543 247 3


    Huggel, C., Kääb, A., Salzmann, N., 2006. Evaluation of QuickBird and IKONOS imagery for assessment of high-mountain hazards. EARSeL eProceedings, 5(1), 51-62.


    Kääb A., Huggel, C., Guex, S., Paul, F., Salzmann, N., Schmutz, K., Schneider, D., Weidmann, Y., 2005. Glacier hazard assessment in mountains using satellite optical data. EARSeL eProceedings, 4(1), 79-93.


    Kääb, A., Huggel, C., Fischer, L., Guex, S., Paul, F., Roer, I., Salzmann, N., Schlaefli, S., Schmutz, K., Schneider, D., Strozzi, T., Weidmann, Y., 2005. Remote sensing of glacier- and permafrost-related hazards in high mountains: an overview. Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 5, 527-554. SRef-ID:1684-9981/nhess/2005-5-527.


    Salzmann, N., Kääb, A., Huggel, C., Allgöwer, B., Haeberli, W., 2004. Assessment of the hazard potential of ice avalanches using remote sensing and GIS-modelling. Norwegian Journal of Geography, 58, 74-84.


    Huggel, C., Kääb, A., Salzmann, N., 2004. GIS-based modeling of glacial hazards and their interactions using Landsat-TM and IKONOS imagery. Norwegian Journal of Geography, 58, 61-73.