Publication05.03.2019

Muscle dysmorphia - in which diagnostic entity does it belong?


The Editorial “Muscle dysmorphia – in which diagnostic entity does it belong?” from Tom Kirsch and Simone Munsch, published in 2019 in Swiss Medical Forum, discusses the different diagnostic entities to which muscle dysmorphia could potentially be assigned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5. Even though “the excessive concern with the idea that one's own body is too small or too muscular” has currently been classified as a body dysmorphic disorder in the section of obsessive-compulsive disorders, there is little evidence supporting this classification. The Editorial presents an overview of pro’s and con’s of a classification of muscle dysmorphia as a part of obsessive-compulsive disorders, dependence disorders in terms of a “body image dependence” or of eating disorders as a male gender-specific anorexia nervosa.

DOI: 10.4414/smf.2019.08059