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Pascal Mark Gygax

Job: Lecturer - Co-leader of PPSA
Office: RM C-4.109
Rue P.A. de Faucigny 2
1700 Fribourg
Phone: +41 26 300 7640
Fax: +41 26 300 9712
eMail: pascal.gygax@unifr.ch
 
Unit: Psycholinguistique - Psychologie Sociale Appliquée  
Course(s):
Personal page: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pascal_Gygax

Research

Projets de recherche

2015-
What's so sexy about degenderizing language?? Investigating gender representations of readers and listeners in Norwegian, French and Finnish
In collaboration with Prof Ute Gabriel (main applicant) & Dawn Behne (co-applicant), Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Jukka Hyönä (University of Turku, Finland)
Funding body: Research Council of Norway

2015-
http://www.fairlanguage.org

2012-
Gender representation in language: The onset of grammar-stereotype interplay in toddlerhood
In collaboration with Dr Arik Lévy, University of Fribourg, Prof Ute Gabriel and Prof Dawn Behne, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (NOR), Prof Pascal Zesiger, University of Geneva (CH), Prof Janine Spencer, University of Brunel (GB).

Grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) 
Website

2013-2014
Diminutive Suffixes in Sexist Language - An embodied perspective
Joint applicant with Michal Parzuchowski and Bogdan Wojciszke, Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland? Grant from Sciex-NMSch

2011-2012
Gender representation in language: The onset of grammar-stereotype interplay in toddlerhood-Pilot
In collaboration with Dr Arik Lévy, University of Fribourg, Prof Ute Gabriel and Prof Dawn Behne, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (NOR), Prof Pascal Zesiger, University of Geneva (CH).
Grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) 

Website

2010-2013
Emotion inferences and text comprehension: Narrative characteristics and their influence on emotion inferences elaboration
In collaboration with Prof Isabelle Tapiero, Université Lyon II, France and Christelle Gillioz, University of Fribourg
Grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) 

2009-2014
Marie Curie Initial Training Networks (ITN) - Language, Cognition, and Gender
In collaboration with Prof Sabine Sczesny (coordinator), Bern (CH), Dr Lisa Irmen (coordinator), Heidelberg (D), Prof Bettina Hannover, Berlin (D), Prof Jana Valdrová, Budweis (CZ), Prof Manuel Carreiras, La Laguna (ES), Prof Cristina Cacciari, Modena (IT), Prof Anne Maass (IT), Padova, Prof Lorella Lotto, Padova (IT), Prof Alan Garnham (UK), Sussex, Prof Jane Oakhill,Sussex (UK), Prof Ute Gabriel, Trondheim (NO).
Website  & Interview on the project [in French]

2009-2012
Gender Representation in Language : Learning to interpret the masculine form as generic 
In collaboration with Prof Ute Gabriel, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (NOR)
Grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)

2008-2010
The representation of characters’ emotions: An analysis of a constituent of emotion inferred during reading
In collaboration with Isabelle Tapiero, Université Lyon II, France
Grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)

2008-2011
Pertinence des messages de prévention et tabagisme chez les adolescentes et adolescents de 14 à 18 ans
Financé par le Fonds de prévention du tabagisme (FTP)
Website

2007-2008
Racisme et football : la face sombre du sport
Financé par La Commission Nationale de Sport (CNS)

2005-2008
Gender Representation in Language
in collaboration with Prof Ute Gabriel, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (NOR)
Two grants from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)


Teaching

Semestre d’automne/printemps
- Méthodologie de la recherche 

Semestre d’automne
- Psychologie cognitive du langage
- Psychology of Language (English Department) 

Semestre de printemps
- Health and Communication

 


Publications

All papers are downloadable here  

Gabriel, U. & Gygax, P. (2016). Gender and linguistic sexism. In  Giles, H. & Maas, A. (eds). Advances in intergroup Communication. Peter Lang Publishers

Gygax, P. M., Garnham, A., & Doehren, S. (2016). What Do True Gender Ratios and Stereotype Norms Really Tell Us? Frontiers in Psychology, 1036. http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01036

Sato, S., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. (2016). Gauging the impact of gender grammaticization in different languages: Application of a linguistic-visual paradigm. Frontiers in Psychology - Language Sciences, 7, 140. 

Sato, S., Gabriel, U., & Gygax, P. (2016). Changing male-dominant representations in German: A study on nominalized adjectives and participles. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, First View.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0261927X15625442

Gillioz, C., & Gygax, P. (2015). The specificity of emotion inferences as a function of emotional contextual support. Discourse Processes, First View. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2015.1095597

Zufferey, S. & Gygax, P. (2015). The role of perspective shifts for the communication and processing of discourse relations. Discourse Processes. doi:10.1080/0163853X.2015.1062839

Zimmermann, R., & Gygax, P. (2015). Women’s endorsement of sexist beliefs directed towards the self and towards other women in general. In Faniko, Lorenzi-Cioldi, Sarrasin & Mayor (eds). Men and women in social hierarchies. Routledge

Vervecken, D., Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Guillod, M., Hannover, B. (2015). Warm businessmen, cold housewives? Effects of gender-fair language on adolescents’ perceptions of occupations. Frontiers in Psychology - Cognition. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01437

Lévy, A., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U., Zesiger, P (2015). Gender representation in language: The onset of grammar-stereotype interplay in toddlerhood. Journal of Child Language, First View. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S030500091500063X

Garnham, A., Doehren, S. D., & Gygax, P. M. (2015). True gender ratios and stereotype rating norms. Frontiers in Psychology, 6 (1023). http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01023

Thomas C., Didierjean, A., Maquestiaux, F., & Gygax, P. (2015). Does Magic Offer a Cryptozoology Ground for Psychology. Review of General Psychology, 19, 117-128. Q1 in Psychology Preprint

Wyrobková, A, & Gygax, P. & Macek, P. (2015). Human and Man side by side, Woman trapped in a different reality: Word associations in Czech. Journal of Czechoslovac Psychology, 59, 44-56. Preprint (the file is protected. If you want the password, GYGAX can help you)

Gygax, P. & Gillioz, C. (2015). Emotion inferences during reading: Going beyond the tip of the iceberg. To be published in O’Brien, Cook & Lorch (eds). Inferences during reading. Cambridge University Press.

Misersky, J., Gygax, P., Canal, P., Gabriel, U., Garnham, A., Braun, F., Chiarini, T., Englund, K., Hanulikova, A., Öttl, A., Valdrova, J., Von Stockhausen, L., & Sczesny, S. (2014). Beauticians are rarely male: Norms on the gender perception of role nouns in Czech, English, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, and Slovak. Behavior Research Methods, 46, 841-871. preprint

Lévy, A., Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U., (2014). Fostering the generic interpretation of grammatically masculine forms: When my aunt could be one of the mechanics. The Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26, 27-38. preprint

Gygax, P.M., Sarrasin, O., Lévy, A., Sato., S., & Gabriel, U. (2013). La représentation mentale du genre pendant la lecture : état actuel de la recherche et directions futures. Journal of French Language Studies23, 243-257. preprint

Sato, S., Gygax, P. M., & Gabriel, U. (2013). Gender inferences: Grammatical features and their impact on the representation of gender in bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16(04), 792–807. preprint

Gillioz, C., Gygax, P., & Tapiero, I. (2012). Individual differences and emotional inferences during reading comprehension. The Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 239-250preprint

Garnham, A., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, O., Gygax, P. & Oakhill, J. (2012). Gender representation in language and grammatical cues: When beauticians, musicians and mechanics remain men. Discourse Processes, 49, 481-500preprint

Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Lévy, A., Pool, E., Grivel, M., & Pedrazzini, E. (2012). The masculine form and its competing interpretations in French: When linking grammatically masculine role names to female referents is difficult. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 24, 395-408. preprint

Sarrasin, O., Gabriel, U., & Gygax, P.M. (2012). Sexism and Attitudes toward Gender-Neutral Language: The Case of English, French and German. The Swiss Journal of Psychology,71,113-124.  preprint

Wagner-Egger, P., Gygax, P., & Ribordy, F. (2012). Racism in soccer? perception of challenges of black and white players by white referees, soccer players, and fans. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 114, 275-289. preprint Cover by the BPS Research Digest 

Bosson, M., Maggiori, C., Gygax, P.M., & Gay, C. (2012). Smoking and adolescence: Exploring tobacco consumption and related attitudes in three different age groups in Switzerland. Journal of Youth Studies, 15, 225-240 preprint

Gabriel, U., Gygax, P., Lévy, A., Sarrasin, O., & Sato, S. (2012). "Kan en jente blir en mann?" Brannmann kanskje? On the inference of gender in reading comprehension. Psykologisk Tidsskrift, 15, 8-13.*

Gygax, P., & Gabriel, U. (2011). Gender representation in language: More than meets the eye. in Mishra, R.M. & Srinivasan, N. (eds). Language-Cognition Interface: State of the Art. Lincom AP. 72-92. preprint

Gygax, P., Bosson, M., Gay, C., & Ribordy, F. (2010). Relevance of health warnings on cigarette packages: a psycholinguistic investigation. Health Communication, 25, 397-409. 

Gygax, P. (2010). L’inférence émotionnelle durant la lecture et sa composante comportementale. L’Année Psychologique, 2, 253-273preprint

Lamontagne-Mueller L. & Gygax, P. (2009). Le modèle social/environnemental du handicap: un outil pour sensibiliser les enseignantes et les enseignants en formation. La Revue des HEP de Suisse romande et du Tessin, 9. preprint

Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2009). Some grammatical rules are more difficult than others: The case of the generic interpretation of the masculine.European Journal of Psychology of Education, 24, 235-246. preprint

Marmolejo-Ramos, F., Elosúa de Juan, M.R., Gygax, P., Madden, C.& Mosquero, S. (2009). Reading between the lines: The activation of embodied background knowledge during text comprehensionPragmatics and Cognition, 17, 77-88. preprint

Gabriel, U. & Gygax, P. (2008). Can language amendments change gender representation? The case of Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49, 451-457. preprint

Gygax, P. & Gabriel, U. (2008). Can a group of musicians becomposed of women? Generic interpretation of French masculine rolenames in absence and presence of feminine forms.Swiss Journal of Psychology, 67, 141-153. preprint

Gygax, P., Wagner-Egger, P., Parris, B., Seiler, R., & Hauert,C.-A. (2008). A psycholinguistic investigation of football players’mental representations of game situations: Does expertise count? Swiss Journal of Psychology67, 85-95. preprint

Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J.(2008). There is no generic masculine in French and German: When beauticians, musicians and mechanics are all men.Language and Cognitive Processes, 23, 464-485preprint Cover by the BPS Research Digest

Gabriel, U., Gygax, P., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J.(2008). Au-pairs are rarely male: Role names’ gender stereotype information across three languages. Behavior Research Methods Instruments and Computers, 40, 206-212preprint

Gygax, P., Tapiero, I. & Carruzzo, E. (2007). Emotion inferences during reading comprehension: What evidence can the self-pace reading paradigm provide? Discourse processes, 44, 33-50. preprint

Bosson, M. & Gygax, P. (2007). Pertinence des messages de prévention et tabagisme : Rapport scientifique circonstancié. Fonds de prévention du Tabagisme of Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH).* preprint

Gygax, P. & Gesto, N. (2007). Lourdeur de texte et féminisation. L’Année Psychologique, 107, 233-250. preprint

Gygax, P. (2006). Les musiciens sont-ils des femmes. Universitas.* preprint

Gnesa, R., & Gygax, P. (2005). Pertinence des messages de santé: Une étude sur les temps de lecture des phrases à messages préventifs. Bulletin de Psychologie. 58, 233-239. preprint

Gygax, P., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2004). Understanding Emotions in Text: Readers Do Not Represent Specific Emotions. Language and Cognitive Processes, 19, 613-638. preprint

Gygax, P., Oakhill, J. & Garnham, A (2003). Emotion in Text Comprehension: Do Readers Infer Specific emotions. Cognition and Emotion,17, 413-428. preprint

*non peer-reviewed

Submitted or in revision

Sato, Oetl, Gabriel & Gygax (in review). Assessing the impact of gender grammaticization on thought: A psychological and psycholinguistic perspective. Manuscript submitted to Osnabrücker Beiträge zur Sprachtheorie (OBST) 

Parzuchowski, M., Bocian, K., Gygax, P. (2015). When size matters: Perceptual and affective judgments of objects in a diminutive form in Polish. Manuscript submitted to the PLoS ONE

Gianini, S., & Gygax, P. (in revision). Facteurs influençant les attitudes des jeunes face à la consommation d’alcool : L’importance des stéréotypes. Manuscript submitted to the European Review of Applied Psychology.

Gygax, P., Duc, C., Ngoy, M., & Gillioz, C. (in revision). Going beyond cognitive processes when examining humor in print health advertisements: A complement to Blanc & Brigaud (2003). Manuscript submitted to Health Communication.

 

Conférences et autres présentations

Gygax, P. (2015). “Smoking kills”, but nobody cares: Wrong message or simply the inability to use language appropriately? Presented at PsyKo'15 - Congrès National pour étudiant-e-s en psychologie, March 21st, Jaun, Switzerland. 

Gygax, P. (2015). Le langage comme véhicule de représentations faussées : Le cas du masculin et de son influence sur la représentation du genre. Séminaire du Laboratoire de psychologie EA 3188, University de Besançon, 12 Mars, France.

Gygax, P. (2014). La représentation mentale du genre pendant la lecture : Peut-on vraiment éviter la féminisation du langage ? Presented at the Séminaire de Psychologie, University of Geneva, 17th April, Switzerland.

Gygax, P. (2013). Why mechanics are always thought of as men?. Presented at the Psychology Seminar, November 7th, University of Bournemouth, England.

Gygax, P. (2012). Gender representation in language: When grammar creeps into social perception. Presented at PsyKo'12 - Congrès National pour étudiant-e-s en psychologie - Closing lecture, April the 1st, Schüpfheim, Switzerland.

Gygax, P. (2012). Language and the representation of gender: When grammar modulates the way we see the world. Presented at the Psychology Seminar, March 22nd, University of Lancaster, England.

Gygax, P. (2012). Gender representation in language: When grammar creeps into social perception. Presented at the Social Psychology Seminar, March 8th, Warsaw School of Social Psychology, Poland.

Gygax, P. (2011). Language and the representation of gender: When grammar modulates the way we see the world. Presented at the Psychology Research Seminars, June 9th, University of Sussex, England.

Gygax, P. (2011). Langage et genre. Presented as part of the course Introduction à la psychologie cognitive, April 20th, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gygax, P. (2011). Langage et pensée : La métamorphose des mots. Presented as part of the course Pensée critique face aux idées, aux savoirs et a l'action, February 21st, Haute Ecole du Travail Social, Givisiez, Switzerland.

Gygax, P. (2010). Le langage comme véhicule de discriminations sociales : L'exemple du masculin. Presented at the Colloque institutionnel, December 1st, Haute Ecole du Travail Social, Givisiez, Switzerland.

Gygax, P. (2010). Pertinence des messages de prévention du tabagisme. Presented as part of the course Psychologie de la santé, October 13th, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gygax, P. (2010). Language and the representation of gender: When grammar modulates the way we see the world. Presented at the Psychology Research Seminars 2009-2010, March 25th, University of Bournemouth, England.

Gygax, P., Gay, C., & Bosson, M. (2010). Relevance of health warnings on cigarette packs : A psycholinguistic investigation. Presented at the Colloques de tabacologie 2009-2010, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois Lausanne, 17 March, Lausanne, Switzerland. 

Gillioz, C., Gygax, P., & Tapiero, I. (2009).  Readers do not elaborate emotion inferences in the same way: Influence of working memory and empathy. Poster presented at the 11th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society, August 19th-20th, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.  

Ribordy, F., Wagner-Egger, P., & Gygax, P. (2009). Racism in football? Perception of aggressive behavior of black and white football players.  11th Congress of the Swiss Psychological Society, August 19-20, University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (2009). Gender representation in language and grammatical cues: When beauticians, musicians and mechanics remain men. Paper to be presented at the Eighteenth Annual Meeting of the Society of Text and Discourse, July 26th-28th, Roterdam, The Nederlands.

Gay, C., Bosson, M., & Gygax, P. (2009). Relevance of health warnings on cigarette packs : A psycholinguistic investigation. Paper to be presented at the 2009 Joint Conference of SRNT and SRNT-Europe, April 27th to 30rd, Dublin, Ireland. 

Gygax, P. (2008). Does smoking also kill adolescents? Apsycholinguistic investigation of health warnings on cigarette packs.Invited talk given to the Department of Psychology,Norwegian University of Science and Technology, November 14th, Trondheim, Norway.

Gygax, P. & Gabriel, U. (2008). Can a group of musicians becomposed of women? Generic interpretation of French masculine rolenames in absence and presence of feminine forms. Presented at theEuropean Social Cognition Network (ESCON) Transfer of KnowledgeConference, September 3rd to 7th, Volterra, Tuscany, Italy.

Gabriel, U. & Gygax, P. (2008). Can societal language amendmentschange gender representation? The case of Norwegian. Poster presentedat the XXIX International Congress of Psychology, July 20th to 25th,Berlin, Germany

Gygax, P. (2008). When beauticians, musicians and mechanics are allmen. Invited presentation at the Research Seminar of the Institute ofCommunication and Health, May 20th, University of Lugano, Lugano,Switzerland.

Gygax, P. (2008). Langage et représentation du genre. Invitedpresentation at the Séminaire “L’effet des stéréotypes sur laperception et le comportement”, April 15th, University of Neuchâtel,Switzerland.

Schneider, M., Gygax, P., Wagner-Egger, P., Parris, B., & Kuhn,G. (2008). Etre ou ne pas être au sommet : Influence du statut socialet des stéréotypes de genre sur la représentation des noms de role.Presented at the Rencontres Inter-Laboratoires (RIL) de psychologiesociale, January 17th-18th, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gygax, P. (2007). Représentation mentales du genre : Les musicienssont-ils des femmes ? Invited presentation at the SéminaireDéveloppement, October 19th, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

Gygax, P. & Bosson, M., (2007). Relevance of message in healthpromotion and tobacco consumption: A review of the Literature. Posterpresented at the Fourth European Conference of Tobacco or Health,October 11th-13th, Basel, Switzerland.

Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J.(2007). There is no generic masculine in French and German: Whenbeauticians, musicians and mechanics are all men. Paper presented atthe 10th Congress of the Swiss Society of Psychology, September 13th –14th, Zürich, Switzerland.

Lamontagne-Müller, L., Gygax, P., Seiler, R., & Hauert, C.-A.(2007). Images, words, expertise and the representation of emotion infootball : A psycholinguistic approach. Poster presented at the 10thCongress of the Swiss Society of Psychology, September 13th – 14th,Zürich, Switzerland.

Sarrasin O., Gabriel, U., & Gygax, P. (2007). Sexism andAttitudes toward non-sexist language. In S. Sczesny & F. Krings(Chair), Stereotypes and Prejudice and their consequences. Symposiumorganised at the 10th Congress of the Swiss Society of Psychology,September 13th – 14th, Zürich, Switzerland.

Gabriel, U., Gygax, P., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J.(2007). Au-pairs are rarely male: Role names’ gender stereotypeinformation across three languages. Poster presented at the SeventeenthAnnual Meeting of the Society of Text and Discourse, July 8th-10th,Glasgow, Scotland.

Gygax, P., Gabriel, U., Sarrasin, O., Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J.(2007). There is no generic masculine in French and German: Whenbeauticians, musicians and mechanics are all men. Poster presented atthe Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Society of Text and Discourse,July 8th-10th, Glasgow, Scotland.

Gygax P. & Hoeing, C. (2007). How complex is readers mentalrepresentation of the main character s emotional status? A study onreaders goals and emotion representation. Poster presented at theSeventeenth Annual Meeting of the Society of Text and Discourse, July8th-10th, Glasgow, Scotland.

Gygax, P. (2007). Les musiciens sont-ils des femmes. Presented atthe Séminaire COGNITION, March 29th, University of Lyon II, France.


Département de Psychologie / Departement für Psychologie - R. Faucigny 2 - 1700 Fribourg / Freiburg - Tel +41 26 300 7620 - Fax +41 26 / 300 9712 - psychologie [at] unifr.ch - uni