peer-reviewed articles and Reviews


Klinzing JG., Kugler S., Soekadar SR., Rasch B., Born J. & Diekelmann S. (2018). Odor cueing during slow-wave sleep benefits memory independently of low cholinergic tone. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2018 Jan; 235(1):291-299. doi: 10.1007/s00213-017-4768-5. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Seibold M., Rasch B., Born J. & Diekelmann S. (2018). Reactivation of interference during sleep does not impair ongoing memory consolidation. Memory. Mar;26(3):377-384. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2017.1329442. Epub 2017 May 24.


Groch S., Schreiner T., Rasch B., Huber R. & Wilhelm I. (2017). Prior knowledge is essential for the beneficial effect of targeted memory reactivation during sleep. Sci Rep. 7:39763. doi: 10.1038/srep39763.

Groch S., Preiss A., McMakin DL., Rasch B., Walitza S., Huber R. & Wilhelm I. (2017). Targeted Reactivation during Sleep Differentially Affects Negative Memories in Socially Anxious and Healthy Children and Adolescents. J Neurosci. 37(9):2425-2434. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1912-16.2017. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

Gvozdanovic GA., Stämpfli P., Seifritz E. & Rasch B. (2017). Neural correlates of experimental trauma memory retrieval. Hum Brain Mapp. Apr 17. doi: 10.1002/hbm.23613. [Epub ahead of print].

Rasch B. (2017). Sleep and language learning. Brain Lang. Apr;167:1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2017.02.002. Epub 2017 Mar 3.

Schmidt B., Mussel P., Osinsky R., Rasch B., Debener S., Hewig J. (2017). Work first then play: Prior task difficulty increases motivation-related brain responses in a risk game. Biol Psychol. May;126:82-88. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.04.010. Epub 2017 Apr 23.

Schoch SF., Cordi MJ. & Rasch B. (2017). Modulating influences of memory strength and sensitivity of the retrieval test on the detectability of the sleep consolidation effect. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2017 Nov;145:181-189. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2017.10.009. Epub 2017 Oct 10.


Diekelmann S., Born J. & Rasch B. (2016). Increasing Explicit Sequence Knowledge by Odor Cueing during Sleep in Men but not Women. Front. Behav. Neurosci. 10:74.

Groch S., McMakin D., Guggenbühl P., Rasch B., Huber R., Wilhelm I. (2016). Memory cueing during sleep modifies the interpretation of ambiguous scenes in adolescents and adults, Dev Cogn Neurosci. 17:10-8.

Jurewicz K., Cordi MJ., Staudigl T. & Rasch B. (2016). No Evidence for Memory Decontextualization across One Night of Sleep. Front Hum Neurosci. 10:7.

Kleim B., Wysokowsky J., Schmid N., Seifritz E. & Rasch B. (2016). Effects of Sleep After Experimental Trauma on Intrusive Emotional Memories. Sleep. 39(12):2125-2132.

Klinzing JG., Rasch B., Born J., Diekelmann S. (2016). Sleep's role in the reconsolidation of declarative memories. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 136:166-173. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2016.10.004.

Lehmann M., Schreiner T., Seifritz E. & Rasch B. (2016). Emotional arousal modulates oscillatory correlates of targeted memory reactivation during NREM, but not REM sleep. Sci Rep. 6:39229. doi: 10.1038/srep39229

Lehmann M., Seifritz E. & Rasch B. (2016). Sleep benefits emotional and neutral associative memories equally, Somnologie. 20(1):47-53.

Luethi Ms., Friese M., Binder J. Boesiger P., Luechinger R. & Rasch B. (2016). Motivational incentives lead to a strong increase in lateral prefrontal activity after self-control exertion. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. Oct;11(10):1618-26. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsw073.

Nair J., Klaassen AL., Poirot J., Vyssotski A., Rasch B., Rainer G. (2016). Gamma band directional interactions between basal forebrain and visual cortex during wake and sleep states. J Physiol Paris. 110(1-2):19-28. doi: 10.1016/j.jphysparis.2016.11.011.

Rihm JS, Sollberger SB, Soravia LM & Rasch B. (2016). Re-presentation of Olfactory Exposure Therapy Success Cues during Non-Rapid Eye Movement Sleep did not Increase Therapy Outcome but Increased Sleep Spindles. Front Hum Neurosci. 10:340.

Schreiner T. & Rasch B. (2016) To gain or not to gain - The complex role of sleep for memory: Comment on Dumay. Cortex. pii: S0010-9452(16)30165-4.

Schreiner T. & Rasch B. (2016) The beneficial role of memory reactivation for language learning during sleep: A review. Brain Lang. pii: S0093-934X(15)30107-3.


Ackermann S, Hartmann F, Papassotiropoulos A, de Quervain DJ, Rasch B. (2015). No Associations between Interindividual Differences in Sleep Parameters and Episodic Memory Consolidation. Sleep. 38(6):951-9.

Cordi MJ, Hirsiger S, Mérillat S & Rasch B. (2015). Improving sleep and cognition by hypnotic suggestion in the elderly. Neuropsychologia. 69:176-82.

Kleim B, Wilhelm FH, Temp I, Margraf J, Wiederhold BK, Rasch B. (2015). Simply avoiding reactivating fear memory after exposure therapy may help to consolidate fear extinction memory--a reply. Psychol Med. 45(4):887-8.

Rasch B., Born J. (2015). In search of a role of REM sleep in memory formation. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 122:1-3.

Rihm JS, Rasch B. (2015). Replay of conditioned stimuli during late REM and stage N2 sleep influences affective tone rather than emotional memory strength. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 122:142-51.

Schreiner, T. & Rasch, B. (2015). Boosting Vocabulary Learning by Verbal Cueing During Sleep. Cerebral Cortex. 25(11):4169-79.

Schreiner T, Lehmann M, Rasch B. (2015). Auditory feedback blocks memory benefits of cueing during sleep. Nat Communications. 6:8729.

Schreiner T, Göldi M, Rasch B. (2015). Cueing vocabulary during sleep increases theta activity during later recognition testing. Psychophysiology. 52(11):1538-43.

Schreiner T. & Rasch B., (2015). Cueing vocabulary in awake subjects during the day has no effect on memory Somnologie - Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin: Volume 19, Issue 2, 133-140.

Soravia LM, Nakataki M, Federspiel A, Schwab S, Horn H, Schmitt W, Jann K, Dierks T, Strik W, Wiest R, Rasch B, Heinrichs M, de Quervain D. (2015). The neural correlates of the fear-reducing effects of glucocorticoids in phobia. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 61:46-7.


Ackermann S. & Rasch B. (2014). Differential Effects of Non-REM and REM Sleep on Memory Consolidation? Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 14(2):430.

Cordi MJ., Diekelmann S., Born J., Rasch B. (2014). No effect of odor-induced memory reactivation during REM sleep on declarative memory stability. Front Syst Neurosci. 8:157

Cordi, C., Schlarb, A. & Rasch, B. (2014). Deepening sleep by hypnotic suggestion. Sleep. 37(6):1143-52.

Cordi, M., Ackermann, S., Bes, F.W., Hartmann, F., Konrad, B.N., Genzel, L., Pawlowski, M., Steiger, A., Schulz, H., Rasch, B., Dresler, M. (2014). Lunar cycle effect on sleep and the file drawer problem. Current Biology 24(12): R549-50.

Cordi, M.J., Diekelmann, S., Born, J. & Rasch, B. (2014). No effect of odor-induced memory reactivation during REM sleep on declarative memory stability. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience

Göder, R. Nissen, C., & Rasch, B. (2014). [Sleep, learning and memory: relevance for psychiatry and psychotherapy.] Nervenarzt 5(1):50-6.

Kleim B., Wilhelm FH., Temp I., Margraf J., Wiederhold BK. & Rasch B. (2014). Letter to the Editor: Simply avoiding reactivating fear memory after exposure therapy may help to consolidate fear extinction memory - a reply. Psychol Med. 1-2. (Epub ahead of print)

Ledermann, T. & Macho, S. (2014). Analyzing change at the dyadic level: the common fate growth model. Journal of Family Psychology. (2):204-13

Luksys G, Ackermann S, Coynel D, Fastenrath M, Gschwind L, Heck A, Rasch B, Spalek K, Vogler C, Papassotiropoulos A, de Quervain D. (2014). BAIAP2 Is Related to Emotional Modulation of Human Memory Strength. PLoS One. 2;9(1):e83707.

Rihm, J., Diekelmann, S., Born, J., & Rasch, B. (2014). Reactivating Memories During Sleep by Odors: Odor-Specificity and Associated Changes in Sleep Oscillations. J Cogn Neurosci. 26(8): 1806-18

Wascher E, Rasch B, Sänger J, Hoffmann S, Schneider D, Rinkenauer G, Heuer H & Gutberlet I. (2014). Frontal theta activity reflects distinct aspects of mental fatigue. Biol Psychol. 2;96C:57-65.

Von Helversen B, Karlsson L, Rasch B & Rieskamp J. (2014). Neural substrates of similarity and rule-based strategies in judgment. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014 Oct 15;8:809.


Ackermann S, Hartmann F, Papassotiropoulos A, de Quervain DJ & Rasch B. (2013). Associations between Basal Cortisol Levels and Memory Retrieval in Healthy Young Individuals. J Cogn Neurosci. 25(11):1896-907.

Ackermann S., Heck A., Rasch B., Papassotiropoulos A., de Quervain DJ. (2013) The BclI polymorphism of the glucocorticoid receptor gene is associated with emotional memory performance in healthy individuals. Psychoneuroendocrinology 38(7):1203-7.

Bosch OG, Rihm JS, Scheidegger M, Landolt HP, Stämpfli P, Brakowski J, Esposito F, Rasch B, Seifritz E. (2013) Sleep deprivation increases dorsal nexus connectivity to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 26;110(48):19597-602.

Friese, M., Binder, J., Luechinger, R., Boesiger, P. & Rasch, B. (2013). Suppressing Emotions Impairs Subsequent Stroop Performance and Reduces Prefrontal Brain Activation. PlosOne 8(4):e60385.

Kleim B, Wilhelm FH, Temp L, Margraf J, Wiederhold BK & Rasch B. (2013). Sleep enhance exposure therapy. Psychol. Med. 10:1-9.

 Papassotiropoulos A., Stefanova E., Vogler C., Gschwind L., Ackermann S., Spalek K., Rasch B., Heck A., Aerni A., Hanser E., Demougin P., Huynh KD., Luechinger R., Klarhöfer M., Novakovic I., Kostic V., Boesiger P., Scheffler K. & de Quervain DJ. (2013). A genome-wide survey and functional brain imaging study identify CTNNBL1 as a memory-related gene. Mol Psychiatry 18(2):264.

Rasch, B. & Born, J. (2013). About sleep’s role in memory. Physiological Reviews 93:681-766.

Wilhelm, I., Rose, M., Imhof, K.I., Rasch, B., Buchel, C. & Born, J. (2013). The sleeping child outplays the adult's capacity to convert implicit into explicit knowledge. Nature Neurosci. 16(4):391-3


Ackermann S., Heck A., Rasch B., Papassotiropoulos A. & de Quervain DJ. (2012). The BclI polymorphism of the glucocorticoid receptor gene is associated with emotional memory performance in healthy individuals. Psychoneuroendocrinology

 Ackermann, S., Spalek, K., Rasch, B., Gschwind, L., Coynel D., Fastenrath, M., Papassotiropoulos, A., de Quervain, D. (2012). Testosterone levels in healthy men are related to amygdala reactivity and memory performance. Psychoneuroendocrinolgy 37(9):1417-24.

Binder, J., de Quervain, D., Friese, M., Luechinger, R., Boesiger, P. & Rasch, B. (2012). Emotion suppression reduces hippocampal activity during successful memory encoding. Neuroimage 63(1):525-32.

De Quervain, D., Kolassa, T., Ackermann, S., Aerni, A., Boesiger, P., Demougin, P., Elbert, T., Ertl, V., Gschwind, L., Hadziselimovice, N., Hanser, E., Heck, A., Hieber, P., Huynh, P., Klarhofer, M.,Luechinger, R., Rasch, B., Scheffler, K., Spalek, K., Stippich, C., Vogler, C., Vukojevice, V., Stetak, A. & Papassotiropoulos, P. (2012). PKC is genetically linked to memory capacity in nontraumatized individuals and to traumatic memory and PTSD in genocide survivors. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A . 109(22):8746-51.

Diekelmann S., Biggel S., Rasch B. & Born J. (2012) Offline consolidation of memory varies with time in slow wave sleep and can be accelerated by cuing memory reactivations. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 98(2):103-11.


Diekelmann, S., Büchel, C., Born, J. & Rasch, B. (2011). Labile or stable: opposing consequences for memory when reactivated during waking and sleep. Nature Neuroscience. 14(3):381-6.

Gais, S., Rasch, B., Dahmen, J.C., Sara, S., Born, J. (2011). The Memory Function of Noradrenergic Activity in Non-REM Sleep. J.Cogn Neurosci., 23(9):2582-92.

Heck A, Vogler C, Gschwind L, Ackermann S, Auschra B, Spalek K, Rasch B, de Quervain D, Papassotiropoulos A (2011). Statistical epistasis and functional brain imaging support a role of voltage-gated potassium channels in human memory. PLoS One. 6(12):e29337.

Ledermann, T., Macho, S., & Kenny, D. A. (2011). Assessing mediation in dyadic data using the actor-partner interdependence model. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 18, 595-612.

Macho, S., & Ledermann, T. (2011). Estimating, testing, and comparing specific effects in structural equation models: The phantom model approach. Psychological Methods, 16, 34-43.

Rasch, B., Dodt, C., Sayk, F., Mölle, M. & Born, J. (2011). No elevated plasma catecholamine levels during sleep in newly diagnosed, untreated hypertensives. PlosOne 6(6):e21292.


Hallschmid, M., Jauch-Chara, K., Korn, O., Mölle, M., Rasch, B., Born, J., Schultes, B. & Kern, W. (2010). Euglycemic infusion of insulin detemir compared to human insulin appears to increase direct current brain potential response and reduces food intake while inducing similar systemic effects. Diabetes. 9, 1101-7.

Rasch, B., Spalek, K., Buholzer, S., Luechinger, R., Boesiger, P., de Quervain, D.J.-F. & Papassotiropoulos, A. (2010). Aversive stimuli lead to differential amygdala activation and connectivity patterns depending on Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Val158Met genotype. Neuroimage. 52(4):1712-9.

Rasch, B., Papassotiropoulos, A. & de Quervain, D. (2010). Imaging genetics of cognitive functions: Focus on episodic memory. Neuroimage. 53(3), 870-7.


Bly, B.M., Carrion, R.E. & Rasch, B. (2009). Domain-specific learning of grammatical structure in musical and phonological sequences. Mem Cognit., 1, 10-20.

Ledermann, T., & Macho, S. (2009). Mediation in dyadic data at the level of the dyads: A structural equation modeling approach. Journal of Family Psychology, 23, 661-670.

Rasch, B., Spalek, K., Buholzer, S., Luechinger, R., Boesiger, P., Papassotiropoulos, A., de Quervain, D. (2009). A genetic variation of the noradrenergic system is related to differential amygdala activation during encoding of emotional memories. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A . 106(45). 19191-6.

Rasch, B., Gais, S. & Born, J. (2009). Impaired off-line consolidation of motor memories after combined blockade of cholinergic receptors during REM sleep-rich sleep. Neuropsychopharmacology. 34(7), 1843-63.


Gais, S., Rasch, B., Wagner, U., & Born, J. (2008). Visual-procedural memory consolidation during sleep blocked by glutamatergic receptor antagonists.
J Neurosci., 28, 5513-8.

Rasch, B., Pommer, J., Diekelmann, S., & Born, J. (2008). Pharmacological REM sleep suppression paradoxically improves rather than impairs skill memory. Nature Neuroscience. 12(4). 396-397.

Rasch, B. & Born, J. (2008). Reactivation and Consolidation of Memory During Sleep. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17(3), 188-192.


Macho, S. (2007). Feature sampling in detection: Implications for the measurement of perceptual independence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136, 133-153.

Perras, B., Berkemeier, E., Rasch, B., Fehm, H. L., & Born, J. (2007). PreproTRH((158-183)) fails to affect pituitary-adrenal response to CRH/vasopressin in man: A pilot study. Neuropeptides, 41, 233-238.

Rasch, B., Büchel, C., Gais, S., & Born, J. (2007). Odor cues during slow-wave sleep prompt declarative memory consolidation. Science, 315, 1426-1429.

Rasch, B., Dodt, C., Mölle, M., & Born, J. (2007). Sleep-stage-specific regulation of plasma catecholamine concentration. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 32(8-10), 884-891.

Rasch, B. & Born, J. (2007). Maintaining Memories by Reactivation. Current Opinion in Neurobiol. 17(6), 698-703.


Born, J., Rasch, B., & Gais, S. (2006). Sleep to remember. Neuroscientist, 12, 410-424.

Kozhevnikov, M., Motes, M. A., Rasch, B., Blajenkova, O. (2006). Perspective-Taking vs. Mental Rotation Transformations and How They Predict Spatial Navigation Performance. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20(3), 397-417.

Krug, R., Born, J., & Rasch, B. (2006). A 3-day estrogen treatment improves prefrontal cortex-dependent cognitive function in postmenopausal women. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 965-975.

Rasch, B., Born, J., & Gais, S. (2006). Combined blockade of cholinergic receptors shifts the brain from stimulus encoding to memory consolidation. J.Cogn Neurosci., 18, 793-802.

Wagner, U., Hallschmid, M., Rasch, B., & Born, J. (2006). Brief sleep after learning keeps emotional memories alive for years. Biol Psychiatry, 60, 788-790.


Macho, S. (2004). Modeling associative recognition: A comparison of two-high-threshold, two-high-threshold signal detection, and mixture distribution models. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 30, 83-97.


Levinson, S.C., Kita, S., Haun, D.B. & Rasch, B. (2002). Returning the tables: language affects spatial reasoning. Cognition. 84(2):155-88.

Macho, S. (2002). Cognitive modeling with spreadsheets. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 34, 19-36.

Macho, S., & Burkart, J. (2002). Recursive retrospective revaluation of causal judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 28, 1171-1186.


Huber, O., & Macho, S. (2001). Probabilistic set-up and the search for probability information in quasi-naturalistic decision tasks. Risk Decision and Policy, 6, 1-16.


Macho, S. (1999). A comparison of log-linear analysis and contrast vector approaches for modeling fundamental causal structures: A comment on von Eye and Brandtstädter (1998). Psychological Methods, 4, 348-365.


Macho, S., & Leder, H. (1998). Your eyes only? A test of interactive influence on the processing of facial features. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 24, 1486-1500.


Macho, S. (1997). The effect of relevance shifts in category acquisition: A test of neural networks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 23, 30-53.

editorials / Books / Chapters

Axmacher N. & Rasch B. (2017). Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Consolidation. Springer Verlag.

Macho S. (2016). Wissenschaft und Pseudowissenschaft in der Psychologie. Hogrefe Verlag

Rasch B., Erk S., Papassotiropoulos A. & de Quervain D. J.-F. (2016): Imaging Genetics of episodic Memory in Bigos K.L., Hariri A.R. & Weinberger D.R. (EdS): Neuroimaging Genetics; Oxford University Press

Rasch B., Born J. In search of a role of REM sleep in memory formation. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 122:1-3.

Born, J. & Rasch, B. (2005). Psychologie des Schlafs. In: Schulz, H. (Ed.), Kompendium für Schlafmedizin (Kap. II, 9.1 - 9.3). Landsberg/Lech : ecomed.

Rasch, B., Friese, M., Hofmann, W.J. & Naumann, E. (2010): Quantitative Methoden, Band I, 3. Auflage. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

Rasch, B., Friese, M., Hofmann, W.J. & Naumann, E. (2010): Quantitative Methoden, Band II, 3. Auflage. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.


Rasch, B. (2008). Odor-induced memory reactivations during human sleep. University of Trier.

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