In this paper we show that the Internet web, from a user's perspective, manifests robust scaling properties ...
We characterize the distributions of short cycles in a large metabolic network previously shown to have small world characteristics and a power law degree distribution.
The main problem we address in this paper is whether function determines form when a society of agents organizes itself for some purpose or whether the organizing method is more important than the functionality in determining the structure of the ensemble.
Motivated by data on the evolution of the Internet and World Wide Web we consider scenarios of self-organization of the nonlinearly growing networks into free-scale structures.
Through extensive studies of dynamical system modeling cellular growth and reproduction, we find evidence that complexity arises in multicellular organisms naturally through evolution.
In order to create a novel model of memory and brain function, we focus our approach on the sub-molecular (electron), molecular (tubulin) and macromolecular (microtubule) components of the neural cytoskeleton.